When a paper is submitted by author(s) to an academic journal for publication, the journal's editor first sends it to several peer reviewers for review. These reviewers are typically experts and respected researchers in the same field of research as the author.
The peer reviewers carefully read the paper and check the following:
Each peer reviewer comments on the paper and provides recommendations to accept or reject it.
The journal editor coordinates the peer review process and assesses all reviews. They then make the ultimate decision whether to accept the paper for publication, request rewrites or reject it.
This infographic provides a visual summary of the peer review process. Click the plus (+) symbols in the image to reveal more detail about each step.