Whether you are using NVivo for your literature review or another purpose, Coding is how you will spend most of your time.
The essential process involves:
You should have at least some preliminary Codes in mind before you begin reading and Coding within NVivo. The previous page of this guide discusses optional brainstorming functions within NVivo to help you with identifying Codes.
To create a Code, open the Create tab on the top ribbon (or select Codes in the Navigation View and right-click in the List View) and select Code. The New Code box looks like this.
Here are some pointers to assist with creating Codes.
The New Code box has an option to "Aggregate coding from children".
To merge one Code into a second Code, click on the first Code and select Copy (by right-clicking or Ctrl-C). Then right-click on the second Code and select Merge into Selected Code.
The first step is to set up your NVivo workspace.
Now, as you read through the source document,
After each instance of Coding,
For some qualitative research projects, it can be better to avoid Coding the same text to multiple Codes. But for literature reviews, Coding text to multiple Codes where relevant can be helpful.
In practice, Coding Stripes are very helpful. Especially in the early stages of Coding, you will find it necessary to refine your Codes as your reading progresses. As a result you will probably need to chop and change your Coding.