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Optometry Digital Literacy Toolkit

A toolkit to assist Optometry students with developing personal digital literacy capacity

Apply and Audit

This module looks at the next two stages of the evidence-based practice process: apply the evidence (step four) and audit the outcome (step five).

Let's come back to the four elements of evidence-based practice, of which we know research evidence is just one part:

Adapted from: Introduction to evidence-based practice, Hoffmann, Tammy, Evidence-Based Practice Across Health Professions, Chapter 1, 1-15

Activity: Apply the Evidence

Now that you understand the evidence applicable to your clinical scenario, pause for a moment and, in light of the elements of evidence-based practice, think about what you will do next.

This decision-making time is step four, Apply the evidence.

Considering the Patient and the Practice

Click on each of these cards to see what sort of questions you might ask when considering these elements.

Shared Decision-Making

Audit the Outcome

The fifth step of EBP, Audit, is about evaluating the outcome of your decision in the previous stage (Apply), as well as evaluating your own effectiveness and efficiency in the Ask, Access and Appraise steps.

In EBP, there is an emphasis on accessing current evidence. This means one of your challenges is to keep up to date with the evidence base.

You can do this by:

  • Being familiar with evidence sources and their use
  • Talking with colleagues about experiences
  • Completing professional development activities
  • Maintaining your curiosity about conditions and the patients who present with them

Becoming an Evidence-Based Practitioner

EBP requires a certain set of skills – asking the question, accessing the evidence, appraising the evidence in particular – which must be maintained in order to be effective.

This is a commitment which can be difficult to implement in the clinical environment. So how can this difficulty be overcome?

Review Barriers to EBP in Optometry and Eye Health Care from the EBP in Optometry site to learn about strategies to overcome day-to-day issues hindering evidence-based practice.

Back to the Scenario: What's the Final Step in the EBP Process?

Further Help

The Optometry Digital Literacy Toolkit was developed by Deakin University Library.
Please get in touch if you have any questions or feedback.