Remember the process of evidence-based practice from the introductory module?
This module deals with step one: Ask a Question.
In the previous module we also met Terri, who we think has conjunctivitis. But we still have some questions about this:
For the purposes of the scenario, let's test our knowledge of conjunctivitis by completing this activity:
The process of EBP begins with a question, which then leads to an inquiry and an action (and possibly another question).
It's important to get the questions correct at the beginning. In evidence-based practice, we can classify questions as either background or foreground.
To find these resources and get a background on your topic you’ll need to do some topic searching. If you need a refresher on how to search quickly and effectively, have a look at the Library’s Learn page for advice or the Advanced Search Health guide.
As you commence your studies, you'll have far more background questions than foreground questions - that's OK, and will change as you gain experience and knowledge.
Foreground questions are the goal in EBP as they lead us to clinical decisions. A useful tool for formulating foreground questions is the PICO model.
Click on each of the PICO elements below to learn more:
Thinking about your foreground questions in terms of the PICO components will help with finding the relevant information to form an answer.
Let's use PICO to create a foreground question based on the scenario.
Now that we have a foreground, 'answerable' question, we can move on to searching for the best treatment option for your patient, Terri.